Gum Arabic Tree, Gum Arabic Acacia senegal - Senegalia senegal

Detailed Listing For
Botanical Name:

Acacia senegal







Common Name:

Gum Arabic Tree, Gum Arabic

Seeds Per Pound:
3.6 lb
Average Viable Seeds/Packet:
Germination Test Type:
20-30 feet
Collection Locale:
Crop Year:
Minimum Hardiness Zone:
In Stock: 3.6 lb
Items are priced on a curve, you can buy any 'bulk quantity' up to what we have in stock, some examples are:
1 packet
1 oz
1 lb
1 kg
Growing Info, follow in order:
Scarification: Pour boiling water over seed , let cool in water for 24 hours.
Stratification: none required.
Germination: sow seed 1/4" deep, tamp the soil.
In a Nutshell:
* Senegalia senegal (until recently known as Acacia senegal) is a small thorny deciduous tree from the genus Senegalia, which is known by several common names, including Gum acacia, Gum arabic tree, Sudan gum and Sudan gum arabic.
* Sudan is the source of the world's highest quality gum arabic, known locally as hashab gum in contrast to the related, but inferior, gum arabic from Red acaciaor talah gum.
* The tree is of great economic importance for the gum arabic it produces which is used as a food additive, in crafts, and as a cosmetic. The gum is drained from cuts in the bark, and an individual tree will yield 200 to 300 grams.
* New foliage is very useful as forage. Leaves and pods of S. senegal are browsed by domestic and wild ruminants.
* Dried seeds are used as food by humans.
* S. senegal fixes nitrogen within Rhizobia or nitrogen-fixing bacteria living in root nodules. This nitrogen fixation enriches the poor soils where it is grown, allowing for the rotation of other crops in naturally nutrient-poor regions.
* It has been reportedly used for its astringent properties, to treat bleeding, bronchitis, cough, diarrhea, dysentery, catarrh, gonorrhea, leprosy, typhoid feverand upper respiratory tract infections.
* S. senegal contains hentriacontane, a solid, long-chain alkane hydrocarbon. The leaf also contain the psychoactive alkaloid dimethyltryptamine. more...
Acacia senegal is a small deciduous Acacia tree known by the common names Rfaudraksha , Gum Acacia , Gum Arabic Tree , or Gum Senegal Tree . It is native to semi-desert regions of Sub-Saharan Africa , as well as Oman , Pakistan , and northwestern India . It grows to a height of 5-12m, with a trunk up to 30 cm in diameter. [ 1 ] A. senegal is the source of the world's highest quality gum arabic , known locally as hashab gum in contrast to the related, but inferior, gum arabic from A. seyal or talh gum. [ 2 ]
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