Coffee, Arabian Coffee, Mountain Coffee, Arabica Coffee, Coffee Shrub Of Arabia Coffea arabica

Detailed Listing For
Botanical Name:

Coffea arabica

Family:

Rubiaceae

Genus:

Coffea

Species:

arabica

Common Name:

Coffee, Arabian Coffee, Mountain Coffee, Arabica Coffee, Coffee Shrub Of Arabia

Height:
30 feet
Minimum Hardiness Zone:
10

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  • Coffea arabica

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Growing Info:
Scarification: soak in warm water, let stand in water for 48 hours.
Stratification: none required.
Germination: requires light for germination, sow seed 1/16" deep.
In a Nutshell:
* Coffea arabica is a species of Coffea originally indigenous to the mountains of Yemen in the Arabian Peninsula , hence its name, and also from the southwestern highlands of Ethiopia and southeastern Sudan .
* It is also known as the "coffee shrub of Arabia", "mountain coffee" or "arabica coffee". Coffea arabica is believed to be the first species of coffee to be cultivated, being grown in southwest Arabia for well over 1,000 years.
* It is considered to produce better coffee than the other major commercially grown coffee species, Coffea canephora (robusta) . Arabica contains less caffeine than any other commercially cultivated species of coffee. Wild plants grow to between 9 and 12 m tall, and have an open branching system; the leaves are opposite, simple elliptic-ovate to oblong, 6–12 cm long and 4–8 cm broad, glossy dark green.
* The flowers are white, 10–15 mm in diameter and grow in axillary clusters. The fruit is a drupe (though commonly called a "berry") 10–15 mm in diameter, maturing bright red to purple and typically contain two seeds (the coffee 'bean'). more...