European Alder Alnus glutinosa

Detailed Listing For
Botanical Name:

Alnus glutinosa

Family:

Betulaceae

Genus:

Alnus

Species:

glutinosa

Common Name:

European Alder

Lot#:
080416
Seeds Per Pound:
392,700
Quantity:
19.01 lb
Average Viable Seeds/Packet:
65
Germination:
77%
Germination Test Type:
Cut
Purity:
98%
Height:
60-100 feet
Collection Locale:
Hungary
Crop Year:
2008
Minimum Hardiness Zone:
4
In Stock: 19.01 lb
Prices
Sample Bulk Pricing
1 packet
2.95
1 oz
8.36
1 lb
45.01
1 kg
92.09
Growing Info:
Scarification: Soak in water, let stand in water for 24 hours.
Stratification: cold stratify for 90 days.
Germination: sow seed 1/16" deep, tamp the soil, mulch the seed bed.
In a Nutshell:
* Tolerant of clipping and maritime exposure, the alder can be grown in a windbreak or a hedge.
* The trees are very quick to establish and will grow at a rate of 1 metre or more per year when young.
* Because they tolerate very poor soils and also produce nitrogen nodules on their roots, alders are suitable for use in land reclamation schemes.
* The plants can be used as a source of biomass. more...
* They have dark green leaves and are recommended for wet soils. more...
* Native to most of Europe, including all of the British Isles and Fennoscandia and locally in Southwest Asia. more...

Conservation Plant Characteristics

Alnus glutinosa (L.) Gaertn.
European alder
ALGL2

Summary
Duration Perennial
Growth Habit Tree
Native Status L48 (I), CAN (I)
Federal T/E Status
National Wetland Indicator FACW-
Morphology/Physiology
Active Growth Period Spring and Summer
After Harvest Regrowth Rate
Bloat None
C:N Ratio Low
Coppice Potential Yes
Fall Conspicuous No
Fire Resistant No
Flower Color Purple
Flower Conspicuous No
Foliage Color Green
Foliage Porosity Summer Moderate
Foliage Porosity Winter Porous
Foliage Texture Medium
Fruit/Seed Color Brown
Fruit/Seed Conspicuous Yes
Growth Form Multiple Stem
Growth Rate Rapid
Height at 20 Years, Maximum (feet) 40
Height, Mature (feet) 45.0
Known Allelopath No
Leaf Retention No
Lifespan Moderate
Low Growing Grass No
Nitrogen Fixation High
Resprout Ability Yes
Shape and Orientation Erect
Toxicity None
Growth Requirements
Adapted to Coarse Textured Soils Yes
Adapted to Fine Textured Soils Yes
Adapted to Medium Textured Soils Yes
Anaerobic Tolerance Low
CaCO3 Tolerance Low
Cold Stratification Required Yes
Drought Tolerance Medium
Fertility Requirement Low
Fire Tolerance Low
Frost Free Days, Minimum 130
Hedge Tolerance Low
Moisture Use Medium
pH, Minimum 4.4
pH, Maximum 7.2
Planting Density per Acre, Minimum 145
Planting Density per Acre, Maximum 1200
Precipitation, Minimum 20
Precipitation, Maximum 65
Root Depth, Minimum (inches) 16
Salinity Tolerance Low
Shade Tolerance Intermediate
Temperature, Minimum (°F) -18
Reproduction
Bloom Period Mid Spring
Commercial Availability Routinely Available
Fruit/Seed Abundance Low
Fruit/Seed Period Begin Summer
Fruit/Seed Period End Fall
Fruit/Seed Persistence Yes
Propagated by Bare Root Yes
Propagated by Bulb No
Propagated by Container Yes
Propagated by Corm No
Propagated by Cuttings Yes
Propagated by Seed Yes
Propagated by Sod No
Propagated by Sprigs No
Propagated by Tubers No
Seed per Pound 325000
Seed Spread Rate Slow
Seedling Vigor Low
Small Grain No
Vegetative Spread Rate None
Suitability/Use
Berry/Nut/Seed Product No
Christmas Tree Product No
Fodder Product No
Fuelwood Product Medium
Lumber Product No
Naval Store Product No
Nursery Stock Product Yes
Palatable Browse Animal Low
Palatable Graze Animal Low
Palatable Human No
Post Product No
Protein Potential High
Pulpwood Product Yes
Veneer Product No
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