Black Snake Root, Bugbane, Foetid Bugbane Actaea cimicifuga - CIMICIFUGA foetida

Detailed Listing For
Botanical Name:

Actaea cimicifuga

Family:

Ranunculaceae

Genus:

Actaea

Species:

cimicifuga

Common Name:

Black Snake Root, Bugbane, Foetid Bugbane

Lot#:
080421
Seeds Per Pound:
544,800
Quantity:
0.04 lb
Average Viable Seeds/Packet:
58
Germination:
98%
Germination Test Type:
cut
Purity:
99%
Height:
2-3 feet
Collection Locale:
Russia
Crop Year:
2008
Minimum Hardiness Zone:
3
In Stock: 0.04 lb
Prices
  • Actaea cimicifuga

Sample Bulk Pricing
1 packet
8.95
Growing Info:
Scarification: Soak in water, let stand in water for 24 hours.
Stratification: cold stratify for 90 days.
Germination: surface sow and keep moist, tamp the soil. Cover to keep light out. Remove cover after germination.
In a Nutshell:
* Foetid bugbane is an anti-infective herb that lowers fevers and reduces pain.
* The root is analgesic, antibacterial, antiperiodic, antiviral, depurative, diaphoretic, diuretic, febrifuge, sedative, tonic. It is used internally in the treatment of rheumatic complaints, coughs, colds, headaches, gum diseases and feverish infections such as measles.
* The root is harvested in the autumn and used fresh or dried. more...

As found in The Flora of Pakistan website:

Cimicifuga foetida L., Syst. ed. 12:659. 1767. Hook. f. & Thoms. in Hook. f., Fl. Brit. Ind. 1:30, 1972, Conventry, Wild Flow. Kashm. 1:17:1923, Stewart, Ann. Cat. Vasc. Pl. W. Pak. & Kashm. 264. 1972, Qureshi & Chaudhri, l.c. (Fig. 1, A-E).
HARALD RIEDL and YASIN J. NASIR
Naturhistorisches Museum, Botanische Abteilung, Wien, Austria.
and
National Herbarium, Pakistan Agricultural Research Council, Islamabad, Pakistan.
Actaea cimicifuga L.
Actaea frigida Wall.
Actinospora frigida Fisch. & Mey.
Cimicifuga europaea N. Schipchinskii
Cimicifuga frigida Wall. ex Royle
Stout perennial, 40-100(-200) cm high. Stem arising from a divided root-stock, simple or branched, slightly sulcate, glabrous beneath the inflorescence. Leave ternately pinnate or biternate, the lower ones with a long, the upper ones with a very short petiole, leaflets ovate-acuminate, deeply and sharply serrate-dentate with ± irregular teeth. Inflorescence glandular-pubescent, a long branched, very rarely simple, many-flowered raceme, branches of inflorescence and pedicles sometimes grayish with short hairs. Bracts shorter than the pedicels. Sepals petaloid, soon deciduous. Petals (nectarines) with a ± scarious margin, slightly emarginated or rarely entire. Carpels up to 5, pubescent, glabrescent. Seeds. With long flattened ± patent scales.
Fl.Per: May-June.
Type: Described from Siberia.
B-7 Hazara: Kagan vy., Inayat Khan 19127 (RAW), B-8 Kashmir: above Gulmarg, 10,000’, R.R. Stewart 103352 (RAW), Sankh, Poonch, 2.10.1952, A. Rashid Khan s.n. (RAW), Mundakuli, Karnah, Lipa Valley, 17.9.1969, Jan Mohd s.n. (RAW), Keran-Reshna, ± 5500’, R.R. & I.D. Stewart 17682 (RAW).
Distribution: Widely distributed in Central and Eastern Europe, Turkey, Himalaya from Kashmir to Bhutan, W. & N. China, Korea, Mongolia.
The eastern border of the species range is not quite clear, as the correlation between morphological characters and chromosome numbers are still doubtful from Emura’s Papers. In Bhutan and Tibet, the tetraploid cytotype seems to r eplace the diploid one as described here.
There is no difference whatsoever between the European and the Himalayan collections, wh ile plants from Siberia Subsp. foetida heave sparse to dense glandular stems. In the author’s opinion a recognition above the rank of subspecies does not seem to be justified.

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