Sugar Maple ACER saccharum Southern

Detailed Listing For
Botanical Name:

ACER saccharum Southern wings

Family:

Aceraceae

Genus:

ACER

Species:

saccharum

Location:

Southern

Common Name:

Sugar Maple

Height:
80-120 feet
Minimum Hardiness Zone:
6

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  • ACER saccharum Southern

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Growing Info:
Scarification: Soak in water, let stand in water for 24 hours.
Stratification: cold stratify for 90 days.
Germination: sow seed 3/8" deep, tamp the soil, mulch the seed bed.
Other: fall sowing in mulched beds is prefered to artificial stratification.
In a Nutshell:
* A decidious Tree growing to 30 m. more...
* A species of maple native to the hardwood forests of northeastern North America, from Nova Scotia west to southern Ontario, and south to Georgia and Texas. more...
* Better adapted to growing in zones 7-8 than the seeds collected further north. more...

Conservation Plant Characteristics

Acer saccharum Marsh.
sugar maple
ACSA3

Summary
Duration Perennial
Growth Habit Tree, Shrub
Native Status L48 (N), CAN (N)
Federal T/E Status
National Wetland Indicator UPL, FACU
Morphology/Physiology
Active Growth Period Spring and Summer
After Harvest Regrowth Rate
Bloat None
C:N Ratio High
Coppice Potential No
Fall Conspicuous Yes
Fire Resistant No
Flower Color Green
Flower Conspicuous No
Foliage Color Green
Foliage Porosity Summer Dense
Foliage Porosity Winter Porous
Foliage Texture Coarse
Fruit/Seed Color Brown
Fruit/Seed Conspicuous No
Growth Form Single Stem
Growth Rate Slow
Height at 20 Years, Maximum (feet) 20
Height, Mature (feet) 100.0
Known Allelopath Yes
Leaf Retention No
Lifespan Long
Low Growing Grass No
Nitrogen Fixation None
Resprout Ability Yes
Shape and Orientation Erect
Toxicity None
Growth Requirements
Adapted to Coarse Textured Soils Yes
Adapted to Fine Textured Soils No
Adapted to Medium Textured Soils Yes
Anaerobic Tolerance None
CaCO3 Tolerance Medium
Cold Stratification Required Yes
Drought Tolerance Medium
Fertility Requirement Medium
Fire Tolerance Low
Frost Free Days, Minimum 80
Hedge Tolerance None
Moisture Use Medium
pH, Minimum 3.7
pH, Maximum 7.9
Planting Density per Acre, Minimum 300
Planting Density per Acre, Maximum 700
Precipitation, Minimum 22
Precipitation, Maximum 80
Root Depth, Minimum (inches) 40
Salinity Tolerance None
Shade Tolerance Tolerant
Temperature, Minimum (°F) -47
Reproduction
Bloom Period Mid Spring
Commercial Availability Routinely Available
Fruit/Seed Abundance High
Fruit/Seed Period Begin Summer
Fruit/Seed Period End Fall
Fruit/Seed Persistence Yes
Propagated by Bare Root Yes
Propagated by Bulb No
Propagated by Container Yes
Propagated by Corm No
Propagated by Cuttings Yes
Propagated by Seed Yes
Propagated by Sod No
Propagated by Sprigs No
Propagated by Tubers No
Seed per Pound 6540
Seed Spread Rate Moderate
Seedling Vigor High
Small Grain No
Vegetative Spread Rate None
Suitability/Use
Berry/Nut/Seed Product No
Christmas Tree Product No
Fodder Product No
Fuelwood Product High
Lumber Product Yes
Naval Store Product Yes
Nursery Stock Product No
Palatable Browse Animal Medium
Palatable Graze Animal
Palatable Human Yes
Post Product No
Protein Potential
Pulpwood Product Yes
Veneer Product Yes
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