Common Pawpaw Asimina triloba

Detailed Listing For
Botanical Name:

Asimina triloba







Common Name:

Common Pawpaw

30 feet
Minimum Hardiness Zone:


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  • Asimina triloba

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Growing Info, follow in order:
Scarification: Soak in water, let stand in water for 24 hours.
Stratification: cold stratify for 90 days.
Germination: sow 1" deep, tamp the soil, mulch the seed bed.
In a Nutshell:
* Edible fruit - raw or cooked.
* The fruit can also be used for making preserves, pies, ice cream and other sweet desserts.
* The fruit falls from the tree in autumn and is then stored until fully ripe. more...
* Pawpaw is a large shrub or small tree growing to a height of 11 meters.
* The flowers are produced in early spring at the same time as or slightly before the new leaves appear. more...
* The droopy long leaves provide a 'sleepy' aura to the summer landscape. more...
* A unique tropical-looking fruit which holds the title of the largest edible fruit native to the United States.
* Pawpaw fruit season is usually September through October
* Easy to grow from seed in the spring in an area with part shade and sun.
Short description:

On any pawpaw tree there is a WIDE range of sizes of fruit. It depends on how many seeds are inside the fruit. Seed number can be anywhere from 1-12 roughly. Fruit size is directly proportional to number of seeds.

Custard-apple or Annona family (Annonaceae). This perennial tree or shrub grows from 3 to 12 m tall. The drooping, pear-shaped leaves are alternate, from 10 to 30 cm long, with smooth margins and pointed tips. The leaves are coated with fine whitish hairs on the upper surface with rustycolored hairs on the under-side. Leaves are aromatic, with a smell reminiscent of bell pepper. Inconspicuous but interesting flowers (4 to 5cm in diameter) with 3 sepals, are green upon opening and turn to dark purple or maroon in color. From 1 to 4 flowers grow in the leaf axils before leafing, usually in April or May. The six velvety petals (2cm-2.5cm long) are stiff and curl slightly backwards. Yellowish green to brown, cylindrical, mango-shaped fruits are 7-16 cm long and grow solitarily or 2 to 4 together. The large fruits (5 to 16 ounces) ripen between August and October. Fruits have a thin skin, which contain a yellow custard-like pulp that is said to taste like papaya. Some varieties contain a whitish-green pulp that is less flavorful. Fruits contain several flat 2cm long seeds. The deciduous leaves turn bright yellow before dropping in the fall.

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