Chinkapin, Chinquapin Castanea pumila ashei - Castanea ashei

Detailed Listing For
Botanical Name:

Castanea pumila ashei

Family:

Fagaceae

Genus:

Castanea

Species:

pumila

Variety:

ashei

Common Name:

Chinkapin, Chinquapin

Height:
10-12 feet

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  • Castanea pumila ashei

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Growing Info, follow in order:
Scarification: Soak in water, let stand in water for 12 hours.
Stratification: cold stratify for 90 days.
Germination: sow 1-2" deep, tamp the soil, mulch the seed bed.
In a Nutshell:
* It is a spreading shrub or small tree, reaching 2–8 m in height at maturity.
* It is very acceptable raw and has a superior flavour to sweet chestnuts (C. sativa).
* When baked it becomes even sweeter and develops a floury texture, it makes an excellent potato or cereal substitute. more...
* It grows best on well-drained soils in full sun or partial shade.
* Native Americans made an infusion of chinkapin leaves to relieve headaches and fevers. more...
Usda description:

Allegheny chinkapin is a spreading shrub or small tree reaching a mature height of 20 feet under ideal conditions. The leaves are similar to the Chinese or American chestnut only smaller. They are 3-6 inches long with pointed teeth. The nuts are enclosed in spiny burs about an inch in diameter and golden in color. By contrast, chestnuts are about twice as large and flattened on one side. The nuts of Allegheny chinkapin range from chocolate brown to blackish-brown. Nuts mature in late August in the South and in September and October farther north. Under favorable conditions, seedlings may produce nuts as early as the end of the second or third growing season. However, nut production is not significant until the fourth or fifth year. Six year old plants at the former Quicksand, Kentucky Plant Materials Center produced 1200- 1500 nuts per plant.

More info on http://plants.usda.gov

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