Bearberry, Kinnikinick Arctostaphylos uva-ursi

Detailed Listing For
Botanical Name:

Arctostaphylos uva-ursi







Common Name:

Bearberry, Kinnikinick

Seeds Per Pound:
0.83 lb
Average Viable Seeds/Packet:
Germination Test Type:
6-12 inches
Collection Locale:
Crop Year:
Minimum Hardiness Zone:
In Stock: 0.83 lb
  • Arctostaphylos uva-ursi

Items are priced on a curve, you can buy any 'bulk quantity' up to what we have in stock, some examples are:
1 packet
1 oz
Growing Info, follow in order:
Scarification: Soak in sulfuric or nitric acid for 2-4 hours and wash under cold water for 10-15 minutes.
Stratification: warm stratify for 120 days, cold stratify for 90 days.
Germination: sow seed 1/8" deep, tamp the soil, mulch the seed bed.
Other: acid treatment should be tested on a small sample, before subjecting the entire seed lot.
In a Nutshell:
* This extremely winter hardy, prostrate, slow-growing, evergreen shrub or ground cover will typically grow to 6-12" high and 3-6' wide.
* The fruits are readily eaten by birds, but are not recommended for human consumption. more...
* A good ground-cover for steep sandy banks in a sunny position or in light shade. A carpeting plant, growing fairly fast and carpeting as it spreads. It is valuable for checking soil erosion on watersheds.
* The dried leaves have been used for smoking as an alternative to tobacco. One report says that it is unclear whether this was for medicinal purposes or for the intoxicated state it could produce. more...
* Arctostaphylos uva-ursi is a small procumbent woody groundcover shrub 5–30 cm high. The leaves are evergreen, remaining green for 1–3 years before falling. The fruit is a red berry. more...

Pure stands of bearberry can be extremely dense, with heights rarely taller than 6 inches. Erect branching twigs emerge from long flexible prostrate stems, which are produced by single roots. The trailing stems will layer, sending out small roots periodically. The finely textured velvety branches are initially white to pale green, becoming smooth and red-brown with maturity. The small solitary three scaled buds are dark brown. The simple leaves of this broadleaf evergreen are alternately arranged on branches. Each leaf is held by a twisted leaf stalk, vertically. The leathery dark green leaves are an inch long and have rounded tips tapering back to the base. In fall, the leaves begin changing from a dark green to a reddish-green to purple. Charles Webber © California Academy of Sciences @ CalFlora Terminal clusters of small urn-shaped flowers bloom from May to June. The perfect flowers are white to pink, and bear round, fleshy or mealy, bright red to pink fruits called drupes. This smooth, glossy skinned fruit will range from 1/4 to 1/2 inch in diameter. The fruit will persist on the plant into early winter. Each drupe contains 1 to 5 hard seeds, which need to be scarified and stratified prior to germination to reduce the seed coat and break embryo dormancy. There is an average of 40,900 cleaned seeds per pound.

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