Ohio Buckeye, Smooth Buckeye, Fetid Buckeye, American Buckeye Aesculus glabra

Detailed Listing For
Botanical Name:

Aesculus glabra







Common Name:

Ohio Buckeye, Smooth Buckeye, Fetid Buckeye, American Buckeye

20-40 feet
Minimum Hardiness Zone:

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  • Aesculus glabra

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Growing Info, follow in order:
Scarification: Soak in water, let stand in water for 24 hours.
Stratification: cold stratify for 90 days.
Germination: sow 1-2" deep, tamp the soil, mulch the seed bed.
In a Nutshell:
* This species is the state tree of Ohio.
* In Britain, it grows best in eastern and south-eastern areas of England probably needing a continental climate in order to thrive.
* The twigs, bark, flowers and leaves all produce a foetid odour if crushed. more...
* Commonly known as Ohio buckeye , American buckeye , or fetid buckeye. more...

Horsechestnut Family (Hippocastanaceae). Native, small trees, most less than 15 m tall (rarely to 45 m), with a dense oval to round crown, branching quite low, sometimes (usually on drier sites) a thicket-forming shrub; twigs thick, red-brown, hairy when young, with large triangular leaf scars; terminal buds large, orangish brown with keeled scales; bark smooth and light gray, becoming rough and scaly. Leaves are deciduous, opposite, palmately compound, leaflets 5-7(-11), oval to obovate or lanceolate, 6-13 cm long with a finely toothed margin, emerging bright green, deepening to dark green, often developing yellow or orange fall color, emitting a strong fetid odor when crushed. The leaves have a somewhat unique shape. Flowers are creamy to greenish yellow, about 1-2 cm long, in large, showy, upright, branched, terminal clusters at ends of leafy branches, only those flowers near the base of the branches of a cluster are perfect and fertile -- the others are staminate; petals 4; stamens longer than petals. Fruits are rounded capsules about 3 cm wide, borne on a stout stalk, with a warty or prickly, thick, leathery husk; seeds 1(-3) smooth, glossy, chestnut-brown seeds, each with a pale scar (the “buck's eye”). The common name refers to its abundance in Ohio and the supposed likeness of the nut to the eye of a buck; other names are derived from the fetid odor of the crushed leaves, bark, broken twigs, and flowers.

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