Gum Arabic Tree Acacia nilotica - Vachellia nilotica

Detailed Listing For
Botanical Name:

Acacia nilotica

Family:

Fabaceae

Genus:

Acacia

Species:

nilotica

Common Name:

Gum Arabic Tree

Height:
20-30 feet
Minimum Hardiness Zone:
7

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  • Acacia nilotica

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Growing Info:
Scarification: Soak in hot tap water, let stand in water for 24 hours, repeat process on seed that did not imbibe.
Stratification: none required.
Germination: sow seed 1/4" deep, tamp the soil, mulch the seed bed.
Other: expect germination in 10 days @ 70-85 degrees F, it will take longer if cooler.
In a Nutshell:
* Vachellia nilotica (widely known by the taxonomic synonym Acacia nilotica, or the common names gum arabic tree, Babul/Kikar, Egyptian thorn, Sant tree, Al-sant or prickly acacia;called thorn mimosa or prickly acacia in Australia; lekkerruikpeul or scented thorn in South Africa; karuvela maram in South India) is a species of Vachellia native to Africa, the Middle East and the Indian subcontinent.
* Vachellia nilotica is a tree 5–20 m high with a dense spheric crown, stems and branches usually dark to black coloured, fissured bark, grey-pinkish slash, exuding a reddish low quality gum.
* The tree has thin, straight, light, grey spines in axillary pairs, usually in 3 to 12 pairs, 5 to 7.5 cm (3 in) long in young trees, mature trees commonly without thorns. The leaves are bipinnate, with 3–6 pairs of pinnulae and 10–30 pairs of leaflets each, tomentose, rachis with a gland at the bottom of the last pair of pinnulae.
* In part of its range smallstock consume the pods and leaves, but elsewhere it is also very popular with cattle. Pods are used as a supplement to poultry rations in India.
* The tree's wood is "very durable if water-seasoned" and its uses include tool handles and lumber for boats. The wood has a density of about 1170 kg/m³.
* V. nilotica makes a good protective hedge because of its thorns. more...