Holly Oak, Ballota Oak, Holm Oak Quercus ilex

Detailed Listing For
Botanical Name:

Quercus ilex







Common Name:

Holly Oak, Ballota Oak, Holm Oak

60-90 feet
Minimum Hardiness Zone:
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  • Quercus ilex

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Growing Info, follow in order:
Scarification: Soak in water, let stand in water for 24 hours.
Stratification: cold stratify for 60 days , or until radicle emergence.
Germination: sow 1" deep, tamp the soil, mulch the seed bed.
Other: fall sowing in mulched beds is prefered to artificial stratification.
In a Nutshell:
* Quercus ilex , the Holm Oak or Holly Oak is a large evergreen oak native to the Mediterranean region . It takes its name from holm , an ancient name for holly.
* It is a member of the white oak section of the genus, with acorns that mature in a single summer. more...
Usda description:
More info on http://plants.usda.gov
Bonsai Comments:

Also known as the Holly Oak it is underrated as a bonsai. Oak species with smaller leaves are suitable for bonsai but are not native to Japan so not a traditional choice. The Quercus ilex responds well to wire training and root pruning but needs a larger pot size due to root sensitivity. As a Bonsai, the Holm Oak will not produce many flowers or acorns. Oaks grown for bonsai needs about 4 hours of direct sun/day but should be in partial shade to do well but not too much shade. You can capture the strength of the mighty boast in miniature with a Bonsai that can live for hundreds of years.

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