Five-needle Pine, Japanese White Pine, Japanese Five Needle Pine Pinus parviflora

Detailed Listing For
Botanical Name:

Pinus parviflora







Common Name:

Five-needle Pine, Japanese White Pine, Japanese Five Needle Pine

50-80 feet
Minimum Hardiness Zone:

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  • Pinus parviflora

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Growing Info, follow in order:
Scarification: Soak in water, let stand in water for 24 hours.
Stratification: warm stratify for 60 days, cold stratify for 90 days.
Germination: sow seed 3/8" deep, tamp the soil, mulch the seed bed.
In a Nutshell:
* The Japanese White Pine ( Pinus parviflora ) is a pine in the white pine group, Pinus subgenus Strobus , native to Japan . It is also known as the Japanese Five Needle Pine ( Pinus pentaphylla ).
* This is a popular tree for bonsai, and is also grown as an ornamental tree in parks and gardens.
* It is a coniferous evergreen tree, growing to 15–25 m in height and is usually as broad as it is tall, forming a wide, dense, conical crown. The leaves are needle-like, in bundles of five, with a length of 5–6 cm. The cones are 4–7 cm long, with broad, rounded scales; the seeds are 8–11 mm long, with a vestigial 2–10 mm wing. more...
* Conical when young, branches broadening with age to become a picturesque wide pyramid with age, slow growing, green or blue-green needles, 1 1/2", "a choice, extremely graceful small conifer...a perfect tree for the small place...artistic growth habit" (Dirr), salt-tolerant, native to Japan.
* Pitch can also be obtained from the resin and is used for waterproofing, as a wood preservative etc. more...
Physical Characteristics  Pinus parviflora is an evergreen Tree growing to 15 m (49ft) by 6 m (19ft) at a medium rate. It is hardy to zone 5. It is in leaf 12-Jan, and the seeds ripen in October. The flowers are monoecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but both sexes can be found on the same plant) and are pollinated by Wind.The plant is not self-fertile. The plant prefers light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils, requires well-drained soil and can grow in nutritionally poor soil.The plant prefers acid and neutral soils..It cannot grow in the shade.It requires dry or moist soil and can tolerate drought.
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Bonsai Comments:

Pinus parviflora is an outdoor bonsai needed a dormant winter period. The needles are a half inch in length in groups of five and grow in a brilliant bright green color in tufts on branch tips. The bark is a brown with interesting texture making this tree a desirable bonsai. A shoe growing species, the Japanese White pine, will live an extremely long life. It needs some special care but will create a striking landscape plant.

Please this tree outside in a sunny spot. Water more in warm weather but do not water if the soil is damp or cool. Branch pruning and wiring should be addressed in late autumn.

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