Khasi Pine Pinus kesiya - Pinus khasya

Detailed Listing For
Botanical Name:

Pinus kesiya







Common Name:

Khasi Pine

Seeds Per Pound:
0.9 lb
Average Viable Seeds/Packet:
Germination Test Type:
70-80 feet
Collection Locale:
Crop Year:
Minimum Hardiness Zone:
In Stock: 0.9 lb
Items are priced on a curve, you can buy any 'bulk quantity' up to what we have in stock, some examples are:
1 packet
10 gram
1 oz
Growing Info, follow in order:
Scarification: Soak in water, let stand in water for 24 hours. Soak in cold water, let stand in water for 24 hours.
Stratification: none required.
Germination: sow seed 3/8" deep, tamp the soil, mulch the seed bed. sow seed 1/8" deep , tamp the soil, mulch the seed bed
In a Nutshell:
* Pinus kesiya (Khasi pine, Benguet pine or three-needled pine) is one of the most widely distributed pines in Asia. Its range extends south and east from the Khasi Hills in the northeast Indian state of Meghalaya, to northern Thailand, Philippines, Burma, Cambodia, Laos, southernmost China, and Vietnam.
* It is an important plantation species elsewhere in the world, including in southern Africa and South America.
* The common name "Khasi pine" is from the Khasi hills in India.
* Pinus kesiya is a tree reaching up to 30–35 m tall with a straight, cylindrical trunk. The bark is thick and dark brown, with deep longitudinal fissures. The branches are robust, red brown from the second year, the branchlets horizontal to drooping.
* The leaves are needle-like, dark green, usually 3 per fascicle, 15–20 cm long, the fascicle sheath 1–2 cm long and persistent.
* Khasi pine usually grows in pure stands or mixed with broad-leaved trees, but does not form open pine forests.
* The soft and light timber of Pinus kesiya can be used for a wide range of applications, including boxes, paper pulp, and temporary electric poles. It is intensely used for timber, both sourced in natural forests and plantations. more...
Short description:

Needles to 10", flexible and bright green; 4" cones; good for tropical regions; native to the Philippines, Burma, and southern China

The Philippine population (Benguet Pine) is sometimes known as Pinus insularis; however, the current opinion is to treat these as conspecific with P. kesiya. The city of Baguio is nicknamed "The City of Pines", as it is noted for large stands of this tree.

Usda description:

USDA Forest Service Forest Products Laboratory One Gifford Pinchot Drive Madison, WI 53705-2398 (608) 231-9200 Wood Technical Fact Sheet Pinus insularis syn. P. kesiya and P. khasya Benguet Pine Family: Pinaceae Other Common Names: Saleng (Philippines), Tinyu, Tinshu (Burma), Dingsa (India). Distribution: High mountain areas of southeast Asia including Assam and Burma, southern Vietnam, and northern Luzon in the Philippines. A favored plantation species in Zambia, Kenya, and elsewhere. The Tree: Reaches a height of 100 to 130 ft with straight, cylindrical boles clear to 40 ft; trunk diameters up to 40 to 55 in. The Wood: General Characteristics: Heartwood yellowish, light reddish brown, to pale brown, darkening on exposure; sapwood whitish to creamy white, not distinct. Texture moderately coarse, uneven; grain straight; dull to somewhat lustrous; resinous odor. Weight: Basic specific gravity (ovendry weight/green volume) 0.43 to 0.50; air- dry density 32 to 38 pcf. Mechanical Properties: (2-in. standard) Moisture content Bending strength Modulus of elasticity Maximum crushing strength (%) (Psi) (1,000 psi) (Psi) Green (34) 7,650 1,460 3,520 12% 15,000 2,120 7,400 Green (48) 6,300 1,050 3,330 12% 10,860 1,440 6,070 Janka side hardness 400 to 540 lb green and 425 to 785 lb dry. Forest Products Laboratory toughness 260 in.-lb green and 254 in.-lb dry (2-cm specimen). Drying and Shrinkage: Seasons well with little or no degrade. No data available on kiln schedules. Shrinkage green to ovendry: radial 4.4%; tangential 7.8%. Working Properties: Easy to work; resin, though, may gum cutters and tools. Durability: Heartwood not durable in ground contact, readily attacked by termites. Preservation: Sapwood reported to be permeable, heartwood moderately resistant to impregnation. Uses: General construction, posts and poles, pulp and paper, fiberboard, veneer and plywood, furniture components, boxes and crates, millwork. Additional Reading: (34), (47), (48) 34. Lauricio, F. M., and S. B. Bellosillo. 1966. The mechanical and related properties of Philippine woods. The Lumberman 12(5):66 +A-H. 47. Pearson, R. S., and H. P. Brown. 1932. Commercial timbers of India. Gov. of India Central Publ. Br., Calcutta. 48. Reyes, L. J. 1938. Philippine woods. Commonwealth of the Philippines Dep. Agric. and Comm. Tech. Bull. No. 7. Manila. From: Chudnoff, Martin. 1984. Tropical Timbers of the World. USDA Forest Service. Ag. Handbook No. 607.

more »